Kumanovo Four Poles

Almost sixty years after a small segment from the main square in Kumanovo, which emerged during the early sixties of the past century on the site of the old bazaar Kumanovo returned famous “Four Poles.”

Maybe not exactly on the place where they were placed somewhere in the second decade of the 19th century, but certainly in the immediate vicinity of the old place and this time, not in any practical function as it was in the past, but on a pedestal made of steel, a beautiful fountain surrounded by water, with light in various colors as a symbol of a time lapse, of which Kumanovo has seen a great deal.

Kumanovo’s “Four Poles” were at the heart of the old bazaar in Kumanovo, on the corner before the Dishkoviot colonial store, at the entrance to the famous “Opanacharsko Alley.” While behind them and to the left and right were small shops of the ramshackle bazaar and before them was the even more famous “Mound” where things the most essential things were happening in city.

Here, market days passed smoothly, and the people poured into the center of the city mostly through Nagorichkiot Alley. The Mound market had anything and everything … There were often athletic races, parades and various other sporting events organized at this area… But we go back to the Four Poles.

Specific data for exactly four poles is not registered in written sources that draw data for “cult” things in Kumanovo. But we can safely conclude that they are placed on the said place in the middle of the twenties of the past century, when the city officially received its electricity and illuminated its main streets and squares, as well as private homes of families, of course some could not afford it. Otherwise the then city streets were illuminated with kerosene or lanterns mounted on wooden poles along major urban streets. Records for this event have valid data.

Four Poles
The power plant and network with wooden poles (бандери) were finished in November 1926, on 14 November, when the system was in use in accordance with a decision of the then Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Kingdom of SCS, Belgrade.

Namely to fully meet the obligations under the contract signed with the Municipality, the concessionaire, among other things, had to put wooden poles (бандери) in Kumanovo along the main streets and at the Mound the wires were laid out to transfer the power as electric lights for illumination. Four Poles were placed before Opincharskiot Alley, which besides having the usual role, would hold a transformer at the top of the small platform. Why were there four, not one or two? To our knowledge, we mentioned the Four Poles left the edge of Mound somewhere in the fifties when they were replaced by a pole with neon lighting, and certainly in that period there was no need for the transformer that was installed on poles. Later in the beginning of the sixties, the remains were crumbling and the last piece of the preserved old bazaar occurred near Opincharskiot Alley and Green Market, and on that place NAMA Shopping Center was built. The previous pole with fluorescent lighting was lost, that was the last memory of our former four poles….

The Four Poles existed in Kumanovo for about thirty years but remained registered in the collective memory of the city despite spatial changes. The Mound was somehow a symbol of recognition of Kumanovo. Maybe in a mocking connotation but for a long time, Kumanovo was directly tied to “Tumba” (the Mound), and the Four Poles…

Four Poles
In modern times, after exactly 88 years from the first set and fifty years after their demolition, Kumanovo’s “Four Poles” are again on the city square, but this time, as mentioned earlier, in a different image and with a completely different role…

– Dimitar Masevski

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