The City of Kumanovo is located in the northern part of Macedonia, approximately 40 km northeast of Skopje. Visiting Kumanovo offers tourists a glimpse of intertwined cultures, religions and traditions, memories and coexistence. As a result of its rich history and the environment, Kumanovo and its surroundings are home to numerous historical and cultural monuments dating from prehistoric times to the present. Here, visitors walk in “Ukjumat sokagi”, one of the oldest streets (nowadays called October 11th), and will hear a song and joke at every turn. Kumanovo is the city of the well-known comedian, Batko Djordjija, of whom you will hear a kind word from everyone.
Proximity to the capital, the city of Skopje, and the favorable location makes the city an administrative, economic and cultural center, a synonym for urban environment. Kumanovo has a rich cultural and social life and people here are characterized with a unique mentality and positive spirit which gives the city a unique character. History has shaped the appearance of the city today and architectural styles from different periods are intermingled, creating the rich cultural heritage of which the Kumanovo is especially proud.
Geographic Location: 42°7’N, 21°42’E
The first historical facts about Kumanovo as an inhabited area date from 1519,and the source of information comes from the archives in Istanbul, Turkey. Initially, the area was inhabited by 52 families and 300 residents. The most detailed data comes from Evliya Çelebi, who traveled to the region and observed the following: “Kumanovo is a populated area in the territory Sandzak Skopje. The city has many rivers and about 600 houses covered with roof tiles. The mosque, located in the commercial area is beautiful and has a school, a hammam, and a shopping center, while the climate in the city is good. There are many vineyards and fields where land is planted with different kinds of fruits. ”
Kumanovo become an urban area with an administrative center, Nahijat in late 16th or early 17th century. After the Karposh uprising in 1689, Kumanovo entered a period of growth stagnation and at the end of the 18th century was a Turkish provincial town (small town). At the end of the 19th century, the city experienced an economic boom (agriculture, crafts and trade), but no other significant industrial development until the end of World War II. After 1945, Kumanovo experienced fast economic, administrative and cultural development. Today, it is a modern city with more than 105,484 inhabitants.
Kumanovo’s climate is classified as warm and temperate. There is significant rainfall throughout the year. The average annual temperature is 11.0 °C with the highest average temperatures in July and lowest average temperatures in January.
105,484 citizens live in the Municipal region of Kumanovo and census data shows that there are individuals and families from a variety of ethnic backgrounds living in Kumanovo: Macedonians, Serbs, Albanians, Turks, Roma, Tatars, Circassians, Greeks and Jews all with diverse educational, age and gender structure, different customs, religion and varied occupations.
The two most common religions in Kumanovo are Orthodox Christianity and Islam. Visitors are able to see many churches, monasteries and mosques in Kumanovo and the surrounding areas.